Branches of Subclavian

"VITamin C and D"

  • Vertebral
  • Internal thoracic
  • Thyrocervical trunk
  • Costocervical trunk
  • Dorsoscapular

Note: Thyrocervical trunk further branches out into inferior thyroid,transverse,and suprascapular;costocervical branches out to deep cervical and supreme intercostal


Axillary artery branches

"Screw The Lawyer Save A Patient"

  • Superior thoracic
  • Thoracoacromiol
  • Lateral thoracic
  • Subscapular
  • Anterior circumflex humeral
  • Posterior circumflex humeral
  • Alternatively:"Some Times Life Seems A Pain".


Branches of the Facial

"Proceed to Zanzibar By Motor Car"

  • Posterior auricular (only sensory one), Temporal
  • Zygomatic
  • Buccal
  • Marginal mandibular
  • Cervical


Cubital fossa contents

"Really Need Booze To Be At My Nicest"

  • From lateral to medial
  • Radial Nerve
  • Biceps Tendon
  • Brachial Artery
  • Median Nerve


Branches of Trigeminal

"LIFESS ZIZ BAM"

  • Lacrimal
  • Infratrochlear
  • Frontalis
  • External Nasal (part of nasociliary)
  • Supraorbital
  • Supratrochlear
  • Zygotemporal
  • Infraorbital
  • Zygomaticofacial
  • Buccal
  • Auriculotemporal
  • Mental


Bronchopulmonary Segments of Right Lung (Superior Lobe)

"APALM"

  • Apical
  • Posterior
  • Anterior
  • Lateral
  • Medial


Buttock Quadrant safest for Needle Insertion

"Shut up and butt out"

The Upper Outer quadrant of the Buttock safely avoids hitting sciatic nerve.


Carotid Sheath Contents

  • "I C 10 CC's in the IV"
  • I See (I.C.) = Internal Carotid artery
  • 10 = CN 10 (Vagus nerve)
  • CC = Common Carotid artery
  • IV = Internal Jugular Vein


Cavernous Sinus Drainage

"Only Date Freaky Escorts"

  • Ophthalmic vein
  • Deep
  • Facial vein
  • Emissary vein


Cervical Plexus

"Let's Go To Sleep"

  • Lesser Occipital
  • Great Auricular
  • Transverse Cervical
  • Supraclavicular


External Carotid Artery Branches

"Seven Angry Ladies Fighting Over PMS"

  • Superior thyroid
  • Ascending pharyngeal
  • Lingual
  • Facial
  • Occipital
  • Posterior auricular
  • Maxillary
  • Superficial Temporal


External Jugular Vein Tributaries

"PAST"

  • Posterior external jugular vein
  • Anterior jugular vein
  • Suprascapular vein
  • Transverse cervical vein


Eye Rotation by Obliques

"I Love S&M"

Inferior oblique: Lateral eye rotation. Superior oblique: Medial eye rotation.
Action of the obliques is opposite to their names. Action of the rectii is rightly fitting to their names. Both superiors cause intorsion and both inferiors cause extorsion.


Facial Bones

"Virgil Can Not Make My Pet Zebra Laugh!"

  • Vomer
  • Conchae
  • Nasal
  • Maxilla
  • Mandible
  • Palatine
  • Zygomatic
  • Lacrimal


Femoral Artery Branches

"Put My Leg Down Please"

  • Profundus femoris (deep femoral artery)
  • Medial circumflex femoral artery
  • Lateral circumflex femoral artery
  • Descending genicular artery
  • Perforating Artery

Elbow: muscles that flex it Three B's Bend the elBow:

  • Brachialis
  • Biceps
  • Brachioradialis


Murphy's point organ: [for Irish] "Murphy was an Irishman
(and Murphy is a classic Irish surname), and Ireland=green":
Green organ in body is gallbladder, so Murphy's point is the gall bladder.

Anteflexed vs. anteverted: what body part each describes "Anteflexed
and Anteverted both bend toward Anterior".
The "V" words go together: Verted is for the cerVix (therefore
flexed must be uterus).

Foramen spinosum: location on base of skull Foramen spinosum
is adjacent to the spine of sphenoid.

Pterygoid muscles: function of lateral vs. medial "Look at how your jaw ends up when saying first syllable of 'Lateral' or 'Medial'":
"La": your jaw is now open, so Lateral opens mouth.
"Me": your jaw is still closed, so medial closes the mandible.


Face muscles: large muscle groups' cranial innervation
Mandibular nerve: Mastication.
Facial nerve: Facial expression.

Meckel's diverticulum details 2 inches long.

  • 2 feet from end of ileum.
  • 2 times more common in men.
  • 2% occurrence in population.
  • 2 types of tissues may be present.

Note: "di" means "two", so diverticulum is the thing with all the twos


Grey vs. White Rami Communicantes

WhIte = On the Way In to the sympathetic trunk
GrEy = Exiting the sympathetic trunk

Horner's Syndrome

"HORNy PAM"

  • Ptosis (eyelid drooping)
  • Anhidrosis (no sweating)
  • Miosis (pupil constriction)

How to remember Cricoarytenoids: Abductor vs. Adductor
When aliens abduct you, they Probe you, so posterior cricoarytenoids abduct.

Lateral therefore is adduct by default.

Hyoid Bone: Muscle Attachments

"Christ, He Didn't Screw Girls Much. That's Obvious, Stupid!"

Note: The first sentence is for 6 muscles attaching superiorly, the second sentence is for 3 muscles attaching inferiorly. Both sentences are in order from lateral to medial

  • Constricter (middle)
  • Hyoglossus
  • Digastric
  • Stylohyoid
  • Geniohyoid
  • Myloyoid
  • Thyrohyoid
  • Omohyoid
  • Sternohyoid

Inferior Vena Cava Tributaries

"I Like To Rise So High"

  • Iliac vein (common)
  • Lumbar vein
  • Testicular vein (or Ovarian)
  • Renal vein
  • Suprarenal vein
  • Hepatic vein

Internal Iliac Artery Anterior Branches

"Internal medicine ouch! It's infinitely underappreciated, underpaid, destitute."

  • Inferior gluteal
  • Middle rectal
  • Obturator
  • Inferior vesical artery
  • Internal pudendal artery
  • Umbilical
  • U/D=Uterine artery (female)/ Deferential artery (male)

Internal Iliac Artery Posterior Branches

"PILS"

  • Posterior branch:
  • Iliolumbar
  • Lateral sacral
  • Superior gluteal

Internal Jugular Vein Tributaries

"Medical Schools Let Confident People In"

  • Middle thyroid
  • Superior thyroid
  • Lingual
  • Common facial
  • Pharyngeal
  • Inferior petrosal sinus


Internal Pudendal Branches

"I Pee Pee But Don't Dump!"

  • Inferior rectal
  • Posterior scrotal (or labial)
  • Perineal
  • Bulb
  • Deep artery
  • Dorsal artery


Cardiac valves: order in circuit "TRI berore you BI":

Tricuspid valve is located in left heart and Bicuspid valve is
located in right heart. Blood flows through the tricuspid before
bicuspid.


Diaphragm apertures: spinal levels Aortic hiatus =
12 letters = T12
Oesophagus = 10 letters = T10
Vena cava = 8 letters = T8

Heart valves: order in circuit "First learn a Tricycle,then learn a Bicycle":
Flow through Tricuspid first, then Bicuspid.

Lung lobes: one having lingula, lobe numbers Lingula is on Left.
The lingula is like an atrophied lobe, so the left lung must have 2 "other"
lobes, and therefore right lung has 3 lobes.


Intrinsic Palmar Muscles of Hand

"All For One And One For All"

  • Abductor pollicis longus
  • Flexor pollicis brevis
  • Opponens pollicis
  • Adductor pollicis (transverse and oblique heads)
  • Opponens digiti minimi
  • Flexor digiti minimi
  • Abductor digiti minimi


Inversion vs. Eversion Muscles in Leg

2nd letter rule

  • Eversion muscles (3 looks like "E" backwards)
  • pEroneus longus
  • pEroneus brevis
  • pEroneus tertius

Inversion muscles (1 looks like "I")

tIbialis anterior

Landmarks for Head/Neck

"Hot Tits, Chase Chicks"

  • Hyoid bone: C3
  • Thyroid cartilage: C4, C5
  • Cricoid cartilage: C6
  • Carotid Bifurcation (palpable at thyrohyoid interval)

Lateral Rotators of Hip

"Patched Goods Often Go On Quilts"

  • Piriformis
  • Gemellus (superior)
  • Obturator Internus
  • Gemellus (inferior)
  • Obturator externus
  • Quadratus femoris

Layers of Scalp

"SCALP"

  • Skin
  • Close connective Tissue
  • Aponeurosis
  • Loose connective Tissue ("Danger Zone")
  • Pericranium (periostium)

Lower Limb Periph. Nerve Injury

"I DROP when I see Johnny DEP, but when I see Brad PIT, I just SHUFFLE away"

Foot Drop:

  • Dorsiflexors impairment
  • Evertors impairment
  • Peroneal nerve damage

Shuffling Gait:

  • Plantarflexion impairment
  • Inversion impairment
  • Tibial nerve lesion

Carpal Bones: "Sally Likes To Play The Tiny Chrome Harmonica":
Proximal row lateral to medial:

  • Scaphoid
  • Lunate
  • Triquetrium
  • Pisiform
  • Distal row, lateral to medial:
  • Trapezium
  • Trapezoid
  • Capate
  • Hamate

Thoracoacromial artery branches ABCD:

  • Acromial
  • Breast (pectoral)
  • Clavicular
  • Deltoid

Scrotum layers "Some Days Eddie Can Irritate People Very Thourougly":

  • Skin
  • Dartos layer
  • External spermatic fascia
  • Cremaster muscle
  • Internal spermatic fascia
  • Parietal tunica vaginalis
  • Visceral tunica vaginalis
  • Tunica albuginea


External carotid artery branches

"Sally Ate Lots Of Fresh Produce March Through September":

  • Superior thyroid
  • Ascending laryngeal
  • Lingual
  • Occipital (O before F is an extremely common variation)
  • Facial
  • Posterior auricular
  • Maxillary
  • Transverse facial
  • Superficial temporal


Ankle: anterior compartment of leg contents

"The Hamptons Are Never Dull Parties":

 

  • From medial malleolus:
  • Tibialis anterior tendon
  • (Extensor) Hallacus longus
  • Artery (anterior tibial)
  • Nerve (deep peroneal)
  • (Extensor) Digitorum
  • Peroneus tertius

 

Cricoarytenoids: abductor vs. adductor When aliens abduct you, they Probe you.
Posterior cricoarytenoids abduct. Lateral therefore is adduct by default.

 

Ansa cervicalis nerves

  • "GHost THought SOmeone
  • STupid SHot Irene":
  • Geniohyoid
  • Thyrohyoid
  • Superior Omohyoid
  • Sternothyroid
  • Sternohyoid
  • Inferior omohyoid


Bronchopulmonary segments of right lung

"A PALM Seed Makes Another Little Palm":

  • In order from superior to inferior:
  • Apical
  • Posterior
  • Anterior
  • Lateral
  • Medial
  • Superior
  • Medial basal
  • Anterior basal
  • Lateral basal
  • Posterior basal


Lower limb: muscles between upper legs

"There's a GAP between upper legs when you sit without closing your knees":

  • Gastrocnemious
  • Adductors
  • Pectinious


Broad ligament: contents BROAD:

  • Bundle (ovarian neurovascular bundle)
  • Round ligament
  • Ovarian ligament
  • Artefacts (vestigial structures)
  • Duct (oviduct)

External jugular vein: tributaries
PAST:

  • Posterior external jugular vein
  • Anterior jugular vein
  • Suprascapular vein
  • Transverse cervical vein


Diaphragm apertures: spinal levels "Voice Of America":

In order from smallest to highest spinal number:

  • Vena cava: T8
  • Oesophagus: T10
  • Aorta: T12
  • Note: Voice Of America (VOA) is a radio broadcast station.

 

Elbow joint: radius vs. ulna ends CRAzy TULips:

  • Capitalum = RAdius
  • Trochlear = ULnar

 


Serratus Anterior: nerve vs. blood

  • LoNg thoracic: Nerve
  • LAteral thoracic: Artery


Elbow joint: capitulum vs. trochlea CUTER:

  • Capitulum: Ulnar
  • Trochlea: Radial

Sperm: path through male reproductive system "My boyfriend's name is STEVE":

  • Seminiferous Tubules
  • Epididymis
  • Vas deferens
  • Ejaculatory duct

Popliteal fossa: medial to lateral arrangment "Serve And Volley Next Ball":

  • Semimembranosus/ Semitendonosus
  • Artery
  • Vein
  • Nerve
  • Biceps femoris
  • Lateral and medial heads of Gastrocnemius are inferior borders.

Lumbar Plexus

"Interested In Getting Laid On Fridays?"

  • Iliohypogastric [L1]
  • Ilioinguinal [L1]
  • Genitofemoral [L1, L2]
  • Lateral femoral cutaneous [L2, L3]
  • Obturator [L2, L3, L4]
  • Femoral [L2, L3, L4]

1 squared, 12, 23, 234 squared

Maxillary Artery Branches

"DAM I AM Piss Drunk But Stupid Drunk I Prefer, Must Phone Alcoholics Anonymous"

  • Deep auricular
  • Anterior tympanic
  • Middle meningeal
  • Inferior alveolar
  • Accessory meningeal
  • Masseteric
  • Pterygoid
  • Deep temporal
  • Buccal, Sphenopalatine
  • Descending palatine
  • Infraorbital
  • Posterior superior alveolar
  • Middle superior alveolar
  • Pharyngeal
  • Anterior superior alveolar
  • Artery of the pterygoid canal

Median Supply to Hand

"Median nerve innervates the LOAF muscles"

  • Lumbricals
  • Opponens Pollicis
  • Abductor Pollicis Brevis
  • Flexor Pollicis Brevis

Middle Meatus Structures

"HIM F.AM.E"

  • Hiatus semilunaris
  • Infundibulum
  • Maxillary sinus
  • Frontal sinus
  • Anterior Ethmoidal sinus
  • Middle Ethmoidal sinus
  • Ethmoidal bulla

Middle Meningeal Anastomoses

"I Only Read Mysteries"

  • Internal Carotid
  • Ophthalmic
  • Recurrent Meningeal
  • Middle Meningeal
  • Misc. Innervations
  • L2, 3, 4
  • Makes the psoas get sore!
  • C3, 4, 5
  • Keeps the diaphragm (phrenic) alive!
  • S2, 3, 4
  • Keep the sh*t from hitting the floor!

Muscles Innervated by Radial Nerve

"Try A Big Chocolate Chip Sundae, Double Dip Cherries And Peanuts Preferably Included"

  • Triceps
  • Anconeus
  • Brachioradialis
  • (Ext.) Carpi radialis longus
  • (Ext.) Carpi radialis brevis
  • Supinator
  • (Ext.) Digitorum
  • (Ext.) Digiti minimi
  • (Ext.) Carpi ulnaris
  • Abductor poll. longus
  • (Ext.) Poll. brevis
  • (Ext.) Poll. longus
  • (Ext.) Indicis

*For the neighboring words that start with the same letter (eg: chocolate and chip), notice that the longer word in the mnemonic, corresponds to the longer of the two muscle names (ex: ext. carpi radialis longus and ext. carpi radialis brevis)

Nasal Cavity Components

"Never Call Me Needle Nose!"

  • Nares [external]
  • Conchae
  • Meatuses
  • Nares [internal]
  • Nasopharynx

Nerves endangered by Parotid Gland Surgery

  • "FARE"
  • Facial
  • Auriculotemporal
  • Retromandibular vein
  • External carotid artery

Nervous Innervation of Cranial Nerves

"Some say money matters, but my brother says big boobs matter more"

  • S=Sensory
  • M=Motor
  • B=Both

Orbit: Bones of Medial Wall
"My Little Eye Sits in the orbit"

  • Maxilla (frontal process)
  • Lacrimal
  • Ethmoid
  • Sphenoid (body)

 

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